Flyfishing or fly fishing is based on the use of artificial flies as bait-based catch. There are reports of its use in China in 2000 BC. The modern fly fishing appears mainly as a catch modality for trout and salmon, in the 20th century its use extends to other species being used for fishing in the sea. This very technical method consists of basing the bait on the water in order to enhance the catch, it requires some practice and technique as well as the visualization of the fish (usually when walking near the surface). The main difference for other techniques is mainly the line, heavy enough to send the boom to the desired location. In Portugal, in addition to the classic trout (with few catching places), it can be used in fishing for pike, barbel, boga, escalo, black bass, carp. Captures of species such as carp and barbel feeding on small insects and larvae or pike and bass that feed on small fish, frogs, etc., require the feather to simulate their food. The same technique can be used in the sea to catch fish such as garfish, tamarin or even sea bass when it walks on the surface feeding on small fish.
Fly Or Feather
The fly or feather is an artificial bait that imitates insects or larvae from which the species to be captured feed. The feather does not always need to be a realistic imitation, we only need it for the place where the fish feeds.
Fishing Rods For Fly Fishing
For fishing to the boom, the reed should be light to avoid fatigue, preferably, progressive or medium-acting. The balance between the reed, the reel and the line is fundamental since the launches must be carried out very accurately. The slow-acting or parabolic reeds allow fishing with very small droughts or nymphs, as they allow for very soft launches that do not deteriorate the feather. A medium-action cane is therefore more versatile but with some limitations. Rapid reeds are ideal for fishing on windy days and on large lakes or rivers, in these cases we will have to use larger flies.
The Line For The Fly
The line is the main difference of the fishing to the pen, usually have 20 to 30 meters can be sub-divided into three categories by Uptonstyles, the sinking lines that sink completely, the lines that sink a few meters below the water line and the most used that Surface.
Floating lines are most commonly used for fly fishing. Highlights include the WF (Weight forward) lines that allow for high launch precision. Other varieties are common, Taper (equal ends and tapered ends), Level (same diameter across the entire length of the line). They are used in the fishing of trout, gypsy among other species.
Sinking lines have a high sinking index. They are lines designed to fish in greater depth for fish that inhabit the beds of rivers, lakes and beaches. There are lines (Shooting Head) with approximately 10 meters that are destined to the area of throwing being the rest line of the assembly an extra line denominated running line. The Siking Tip lines have the same base of the shooting head, however, they have a built-in floating line and the initial part sinking. They are usually used in heavier reeds, the rate of sinking is done in grains. The higher the value in grains, the greater the sinking ratio of the larger line should be the numbering of the cane.
Intermediate lines have a low sink rate, the sink rate varies from I to V , withsinking I being the slowest and V ‘s sinking faster. They are lines made with camouflaged colors (camo). They are used for fishing in faster water.
The leader line (not to be confused with the mother line of the conventional assemblies) is a transparent conical line, has between 1.8 and 3.6 meters at its thickest end is fixed the fly line. The ratio of its diameter is 1 to 8 times the initial diameter. The larger the reduction, the smaller the diameter will allow the use of very small flies, in the reverse direction, a smaller reduction allows the use of larger flies for larger fish.
It is called tippet the tip of the line that is attached to the fly. It is usually 30 to 40 cm and adjusts to the final diameter of the leader line. The fly is attached to the tippet, being that, in each change of pen the line decreases necessitating substitution at the end of some exchanges of bait.
Backing is a braided line of cage that attaches to the carriage and the throw line.Its length is from 100 to 200 meters and serves as additional line if the fish in the catch picks up a lot of line.
The Reel Or Reel
The reel, unlike other fishing techniques, is not so important or so used. It is mainly intended to store the fly line and in some cases its brake is used to catch the caught fish.
The reels for freshwater fishing can be divided into three types: manual, semi-automatic and automatic.
The automatics are hardly used due to their excessive weight and little effectiveness. The semi-automatic collect the line with a system that, when loading, collects a certain amount of line. The advantage of this carriage is that the pick up line is very fast, access to the brake adjustment becomes a disadvantage, a specific key is required to regulate its traction. Hand gears are those which, in order to collect the line, use a tab attached to the drum. These are the most used carriages for all situations, because they are the simplest in terms of mechanism and undoubtedly the most effective.